S. Park (aka sparky) toiling away at everything and nothing for a bleak final outcome for Unit 14 of BA Graphic Design at CSM

Exploring the visual culture of WWII, in comparison to the visual culture of modern warfare.
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Contemporary…?

Progress

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I’m not sure what to make of this. Well let me start with the price, these necklaces/brooches cost £260-£385, that’s already one eyebrow shooting up. The visual language here, is obviously trying to communicate military and decorations, yet it’s all over the place. I don’t know, maybe I’ve looked at the rules and regulations for military decorations and orders too much, but using any old grosgrain (some not even grosgrain!) ribbon, held with a clasp, and attaching COIN of a medal just not right. I’m sorry, but it’s almost insulting, no offence to the designer. Just my two cents.

Outfit

Research

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 79

Royal Navy – Personnel ribbons 13mm. When five or more are worn the ribbon is 10mm deep. With No.1C Dress the ribbons are sewn on the garments, but with No. !CW Dress a detachable, brooch-type ribbon bar is worn with the pin inserted through beckets in the correct positions.

* The ribbons in each row show all be visible and not covered by the left lapel. The top or only row show be 24mm below the point of the shoulder.

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 87

Army – Personnel ribbons width: 9.5mm. A single ribbon, or incomplete row of ribbons should be centered over the breast pocket button. The maximum number of ribbons in each row is either four or five, depending on the physigue of the individual and the type of uniform coat.

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 92

Royal Air Force – Personnel ribbons 11mm in depth. Senior ribbon worn nearest the lapel, and in the top row when more than one row is worn. A row should not consist of more than four ribbons, but when more than four are worn, they should be arranged to display as many complete rows of four as possible, with any incomplete row being placed centrally at the top and containing the ribbons of the most senior awards held.

All info from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London

Lost & Found

Film,, Progress

Completely separate account btw, if you were wondering.

Ribbon Bars

Research

Image source

“Ribbons are read right to left, top-to-bottom”

How are these ribbons mounted?

Types

Ribbon strips are widths of riband which are won alone to signify the orders, decorations and medals which the wearer has received. They are usually worn with uniform, and are placed above the left breast pocket.

Medal ribbons may be sewn onto strips of buckram or similar material and then stitched on to the uniform or coat; or they may be sewn onto a brooch pin, allowing them to be detached from the coat or uniform as required.

*All British orders, decorations and medals may be represented on the ribbon bar with the exception of the Orders of the Garter and the Thistle, and the two Baronets’ Badges.

Arrangement

Ribbons are arranged side-by-side in strict accordance with the ‘order of wear’ with no gaps showing and no overlapping.

Dimensions of Ribbons

The depth of ribbons (i.e. from top to bottom) should measure 13mm for the Royal Navy; 9.5mm for the Royal Marines and the Army; and 1.1mm for the RAF.

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 37

So the width of ribbons on a panel are different depending on what outfit you are in… Maximum width: 51mm (Order of Merit)

Why didn,t I think of YouTube

Film,, Progress,, Research

I don’t think I’ll be wanting to use the language of the medals though, seems like there’s a whole world behind them. Thinking of sticking to ribbons only…

Rockin’

Research

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 84

Army - General’s Frock Coat

Methods of Wear

Research

Orders, decoratiojns and medals that are worn suspended from straight ribands on the left breast must be worn in a horizontal line, and should be mounted for wear in one of two ways: ‘ordinary’ style, or ‘court’ style (sometimes also referred to as ‘royal’ style)

Ordinary Style

Utilizes a single ‘brooch-bar’, a metal bar to which the top part of each riband is attached with the medal hanging loosely.

Image source

Medals must be arranged on the bar according to the ‘order of wear’. The senior award must be fully visible and the nearest the centre of the chest. Up to five mdals may be worn side-by-side without the medals overlapping. The bar itself must be unseen, although the need to ensure that medal rebands appear on the brooch-bar with no intervening gaps will usually mean that there is some slight but unavoidable overlapping if medals or decorations exceed the breadth of the riband itself.

Regulations for the Armed Forces state that not more than two-thirds of a riband should be covered byt he riband of an adjacent medal.

Each medal must be worn with its ‘obverse’ showing frontwards. (Obverse: Sovereign’s Head, ROyal Cypher, or otherwise a crown, coat of arms, or national flag.

Riband Length - Each riband, when mounted with its medal on the brooch-bar should measure not less than 32mm (1¼ins) from the top of the riband to the top of the suspension or to the topmost clasp. When two or more medals and decorations are to be worn they should be arranged so that their lowest points are horizontally in line. Service regulations recognise that in order to allow a taller decoration to be suspended from a 32mm length of riband, adjacent medals are likely to require ribands of longer measurement.

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 36

Court Style

Medals mounted in the ‘court’ style are mounted together in a rigid group. Decorations and medals mounted in this fashion are secured so that they do not make contact with each other and consequently avoid being chipped and scratched. *wait, so it’s OK for the ‘ordinary’ style to chip the medals?

Each medal and its riband is mounted on to a buckram and cloth covered metal frame. The medal is held in position on the frame so that the riband measures 32mm from the medal suspension, or topmost clasp, to the top of the frame. The riband then passes down the back of the covered frame and round to the front where it is brought up underneath the medal and sewn so that the area of frame showing beneath the medal is entirely covered with the riband. The medal is then stitched firmly in to place through the riband.

Scanned from ‘A Manual for the Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals’, Andrew Hanham, 2005, Spink & Sons ltd, London, pg 37

Bars and Clasps

A Bar is a full-width metal device worn on the riband of a decoration or medal awarded for gallantry, bravery, distinguished or long service to denote the additional award of a particular decoration or medal.

A Clasp is a full-width metal device which records the geographical area or zone of a campaign and/or the period of a campaign, or additional periods of service.

Veteran Chest Decoration

Research

Veteran. HMS Wrangler - Royal Arthur Skegness Lincolnshire UK

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On what occasions are medals to be worn exactly? What are the orders and regulations when wearing medals? Are they only allowed on one side of the chest or both?

INVESTIGATE!

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To-Do List
  • Do mock-up of Jacket and figure out max ribbon panel count
  • Figure out number of categories & order ribbons!
  • Obtain statistics for the categories
  • Visit Imperial War Museum
  • Visit National Army Museum
  • Visit the 'Decode' Exhibition at V&A
  • Explore visual culture of War - information graphics?